World Malaria Report 2012: Situation stable, but rate of improvement slowed since 2010

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Wednesday, 19 December, 2012

WHO’s 2012 World Malaria Report, just released, shows that the gains of the last decade in reducing morbidity and mortality due to malaria have been maintained.

Malaria programs have had their greatest impact where the malaria burden is highest, averting 274 million cases and 1.1 million deaths between 2001 and 2010. 52% of cases averted and 58% of lives saved have been in the 10 countries which have the highest burdens of malaria. Millenium Development Goal (MDG) 6 Target 6C is for countries to reduce malaria incidence by 75% by 2015. The good news is that 50 countries are on track to meet these targets.

The bad news is:

  • Rate of improvement has levelled off since 2010.
  • Artemisinin resistance has now been detected in 4 countries in southeast Asia.
  • Mosquitoes resistant to insecticides have been found in 64 counties.
  • The 50 countries on track to meet MDG and Roll Back Malaria's Global Malaria Action Plan targets, only account for 3% (7 million) cases worldwide.
  • 99 countries have ongoing malaria transmission.
  • Surveillance systems are weakest where malaria burdens are highest. In general surveillance is poor in the majority of cases and probably detect only 10% of estimated cases. Surveilalnce is too poor to estimate malaria incidence with any confidence in 41 countries.
  • Global funding has not increased to the level needed to assist countries with the greatest malaria burdens. WHO says that without adequate funding improvements will stall and people will die.

Posted by Rick Speare 19 December 2012